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Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)

Overview

Abelia X Grandiflora is a hybrid cross between Abelia Chinensis and Abelia Uniflora. First developed in Italy, this plant has an active growth period in the summer and the spring. The plant leaves are dark green, and its flowers are of pinkish-white color. This shrub may reach up to 7 feet in height and possess arching and spreading stems, which can be easily shaped. It is well-adapted to sun and soil conditions. It easily grows in average to well-drained soils. It also grows in both full sun and partial shade conditions.

Quick Review

Botanical NameAbelia X Grandiflora
Common NameGlossy abelia
Major GroupDicot
FamilyCaprifoliaceae
GenusAbelia R. Br.
SpeciesAbelia X Grandiflora
SymbolABGR4
Common NameGlossy abelia
Legal StatusL48   I
Known HazardsNone

Synonyms & Vernacular Names

Common NameGlossy abelia
Botanical NameAbelia X Grandiflora (Rovelli ex André) Rehder
Botanical Synonym Abelia Rupestris Hort., Linnaea Pringiana Graebn., And L. Spaethiana Graebn
English Name Glossy abelia
French NameAbelia Glossy
Hindi NameGlossy Abelia
Portuguese NameAbelia Brilhante
Spanish NameAbelia Brillante
Latin NameAbutilon glossy

Plant Taxonomy

KingdomPlantae
SubkingdomViridiplantae
InfrakingdomStreptophyta
Super DivisionEmbryophyta
DivisionTracheophyta
Sub DivisionSpermatophytina
ClassMagnoliopsida
Super OrderAsteranae
OrderDipsacales
FamilyLinnaeaceae
GenusAbelia R. Br.
SpeciesAbelia X grandiflora (Rovelli ex André) Rehder – glossy abelia

Plant Description

Type of PlantShrub
Native Range (Geographic Distribution)North America
Height (grows up to)7 feet
Habitat (a type of environment) Deciduous to semi-evergreen
Roots12 inches in depth
StemThin, grey, multiple
LeavesDark green, medium texture
FlowersPinkish white, conspicuous
FruitsBrown in color, non-ornamentally significant
SeedsBrown in color
Bloom TimeLate summer.
Bloom DescriptionBlooms are pink
SunFull sun to partial shade
WaterThe well-drained and moist environment is required.
MaintenanceCan be heavily pruned.
Suggested UseSummer bloom, hedge, foundation planting, to attract butterflies.
FlowerTubular form, fragrant, pinkish-white
LeafDeciduous, simple, rounded leaf base, dark green
AttractsButterflies and bees
TolerateShade and pests
Invasive PotentialNo
Growing SeasonLate summer
OthersIt is an insect-resistant variety and is used to attract bees. By the beekeepers.
Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)
Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)

Phylogeny

This plant is a hybrid Abelia and is raised by hybridizing two Abelia species namely, A. Chinensis with A. uniflora. It was developed in Italy and is a long-day plant. Life-span of this plant is about 5 to 20 years.

Distribution & Ecology

The flowers of Abelia Grandiflora are conspicuous; however, the fruits and seeds are not. Apart from being a nursery stock, this plant has no other significant uses for humans or animals.

It is used as an ornamental plant in gardens, in mixed border shrubs, superior hedge, or cascading down a wall.

Habitat

Abelia grandiflora is a perennial plant that grows in deciduous to semi-evergreen conditions. It can tolerate shade, low temperature up to -13̊F and hedge.  Its foliage density decreases with an increase in shade.

The plant is also having a low-tolerance towards salinity and is adapted to coarse as well as medium textured soil. The shrub is also able to tolerate moderate drought. Once established, it develops good tolerance to drought.

Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)
Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)

Ethnobotany

Abelia grandiflora seeds are ethnopharmacologically used to treat blood in urine, in India. The seeds are boiled in buffalo milk, and the product is consumed orally, once daily, for three days. (1)

Propagation

Abelia grandiflora is propagated by cuttings, bare root, or containers.

It does not propagate by other methods like bulbs, seed, sod, spring, tubers, etc.

Phytochemistry

Abelia x grandiflora has been reported to possess phytochemicals like:

  1. Phenylacetaldehyde (2)
  2. Benzaldehyde (2)
  3. 2-phenylethanol (2)
  4. Benzyl alcohol (2)
  5. Abeliosides A and B (3)
  6. Cantleyoside (3)
  7. Sylvestroside II (3)

    Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)
    Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)

Medicinal Uses

Abelia x grandiflora has antimicrobial properties. Scientific studies have shown that it inhibits the growth of pathogenic organisms Bacillus subtilis, E. coli, S. aureus, P. vulgaris, P. pneumonia. (4)

The seeds are used to alleviate the symptoms of blood in urine. (1)

Medicinal Parts

  1. Seeds
  2. Roots

Antibacterial activity

The silver nanoparticles derived from the roots of Abelia grandiflora have been found to inhibit the growth of various pathogenic micro-organisms. The growth of causative agents of colitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections is obstructed by Abelia grandiflora, showing its potential medicinal uses. (4)

Hematuria

In India, Abelia grandiflora is used to alleviate the symptoms of hematuria, i.e., blood in urine. Hematuria is caused by the dysfunction of kidneys or urinary tract. Abelia grandiflora controls the disease by unknown mechanisms. (1)

Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)
Abelia X Grandiflora (Glossy Abelia)

Side Effects

Abelia grandiflora is not known to possess any side effects.

Toxicity & Allergic Reactions

Any toxicities or allergic reactions of Abelia grandiflora are still not known.

Other Uses

Abelia grandiflora is used as an ornamental plant, hedge, for mixed shrub borders, and to attract bees. It can be used as an individual, or in masses. The mass of the plant is used on the slopes or banks, to control erosion, and for making an attractive shrubby cover.

References

  1. Mangulkar MP, Routh MM, Shinde RB, and Karuppayil SS. 2012. Ethnic uses of medicinal plants from thirty-eight villages in India for gynecological care. Ethnic uses of medicinal plants from thirty-eight villages in India for gynecological care. Asian Journal of Traditional Medicines, 2012, 7(6):195-207.
  2. Haynes KF, Zhao JZ, and Latif A. 1991. Identification of floral compounds fromAbelia grandiflora that stimulate upwind flight in cabbage looper moths. Journal of Chemical Ecology 17 (3): 637–646
  3. Murai F, Tagwa M, Matsuda S, Kikuchi T, Uesato S, and Inouye H. 1985. Abeliosides A and B, Secoiridoid Glucosides from Abelia grandora. Phytochemistry. 24, 2329.
  4. Sharma G, Jasuja NK, Rajgovind, Singhal P, and Joshi SC. 2014. Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Abelia grandiflora Assisted AgNPs. Journal of Microbial Biochemistry Technology. 6:5 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/1948-5948.1000156.
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